Curator, National Archives, Paris. Zur Interimsregierung der bayerischen Kurfürstin Therese Kunigunde (1704/05)", "Mit uns muss man rechnen, 200 Jahre Bayerischer Oberster Rechnungshof, Die Zerrüttung der Staatsfinanzen in Bayern im 18. The war lasted almost 30 years, ending only in 1435 with the signing of the Treaty of Arras between Charles VII and Philip the Good, John the Fearless’s son. neměl mužské potomky a byl poslední v hlavní rodové linii Oldenburků, bylo nutné učit dědice trůnu.Z více kandidátů byl vybrán čtvrtý syn glücksburského vévody Fridricha Viléma princ Christian von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg z vedlejší glücksburské mladší větvě dynastie. Charles VII, byname Charles The Well-served, orThe Victorious, French Charles Le Bien-servi, orLe Victorieux, (born Feb. 22, 1403, Paris—died July 22, 1461, Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Fr. In 1437 the King took command of his armies again for the first time since his coronation and returned to Paris, which had been liberated from the English the previous year. To counter such intrigues, to end the destruction caused by the Écorcheurs (bands of mercenary soldiers then ravaging the country), and also because of a stalemate in diplomatic negotiations with England, Charles renewed the war in 1441 both north of Paris and in Guyenne, in the southwest. Charles VII, King of France 2 Charles VII, Roi de France was born on 22 February 1403 at Paris, France. The new campaign of Frederick II of Prussia during the Second Silesian War finally forced the Austrian army to leave Bavaria and to retreat back into Bohemia. At the beginning of his reign Charles was impoverished, threatened by English armies, and without a loyal nobility. The mansion was named after the Countess' husband, Prince Porcia. His brother Klemens August of Bavaria, archbishop and elector (Kurfürst) of Cologne, who generally sided with the Austria Habsburg-Lorraine faction in the disputes over the Habsburg succession, cast his vote for him and personally crowned him emperor at Frankfurt; George II of Great Britain, who was also Elector of Hanover, also voted to install Charles as Emperor, even as both Britain and Hanover were allied with Austria in the ongoing war. Throughout his life, his father suffered recurring bouts of madness, which made his role as Dauphin (heir to the throne) and regent that much more difficult. Eine politische Biographie", "Weibliche Regentschaft in Krisenzeiten. The Sanction also increased the King’s control over the granting of ecclesiastical revenues. [2], Media related to Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor at Wikimedia Commons, 18th century Wittelsbach Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Maria Anna Josepha, Margravine of Baden-Baden, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, "Max Emanuel. On December 24 the Duke’s successor, Philip the Good, utilizing powers conferred on him by Charles VI, concluded a general truce with the English, excluding the Armagnacs and sealing the Anglo–Burgundian alliance. Charles VI was known both as Charles the Well-loved and later as Charles the Mad, since, beginning in his mid-twenties, he experienced bouts of psychosis. The merchant Jacques Coeur, court banker, master of the mint, and adviser to the king, did much to expand French commerce in the Mediterranean before he fell from favour in 1451. 28. The Presbyterians had lectured him constantly about morality and told him that kings were merely the vassals of God, like everyone else, and so he had no desire to go north again. In 1420 the Treaty of Troyes recognized Henry V as heir to the French throne, excluding Charles. For 12 years he had known only war and the worst of intrigues. Charles was a member of the House of Wittelsbach, thus his reign as Holy Roman Emperor marked the end of three centuries of uninterrupted Habsburg imperial rule. Dynasty (TV Series 1981–1989) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. He was named lieutenant general of the kingdom, but his mother left Paris and allied herself with John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 1417-1434: Louis III. [5] Only in 1715 was the family reconciled. Charles VII (7 April 1697 – 20 January 1745) was the Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. He always recalled with distaste his time in Scotland. They concluded a pact of friendship at Pouilly on July 2, 1419, but, in the course of another meeting at Montereau on September 10, the Duke was killed by the Armagnacs in Charles’s presence. Taxes, increasingly fixed now by decree of the king's council, begin to be accepted as a permanent levy. The King’s last years were troubled. On the death of his elder brother in April 1417, Charles became dauphin (heir to the throne) at the age of 14. Charles’s supporters, however, included not only the Armagnacs but also the “party of the King,” which backed his claim to the succession. His elder sister Anne acted as regent jointly with her husband Peter II, Duke of Bourbon … vun Neapel), Jong vum Philippe V. an zanter 1759 Kinnek vu Spuenien ënner dem Titel Charles III.' He was a member of the House of Valois. Residing at Bourges, which his adversaries pretended was the extent of his realm, he in fact retained the fidelity of the greater part of France, including Berry, Poitou, Lyonnais, Auvergne, and Languedoc. Charles IV (18/19 June 1294 – 1 February 1328), called the Fair (le Bel) in France and the Bald (el Calvo) in Navarre, was last king of the direct line of the House of Capet, King of France and King of Navarre (as Charles I) from 1322 to 1328. Updates? Zweet Dynastie vun Anjou. ... France marriage: ♂ Charles VII "le Victorieux" de France (le Bien Servi), Bourges title: 21 October 1422, Paris, Queen of France other: 17 July 1429, Reims, Sacre death: 29 November 1463, Paris, France ♀ Agnes Sorel. His army was repulsed at Verneuil in August 1424, and he tried once again to effect a reconciliation with the Duke of Burgundy; but his efforts were frustrated by the memory of John the Fearless’ murder. Nevertheless, Charles’s lofty ambitions were confronted with a thoroughly mundane problem: lack of money. His brother Klemens August then again leaned towards Austria, and his son and successor Maximilian III Joseph made peace with Austria. Charles VIII, called the Affable (French: l'Affable; 30 June 1470 – 7 April 1498), was King of France from 1483 to his death in 1498. On Oct. 12, 1428, the English laid siege to Orléans. [4], Charles Albert is buried in the crypt of the Theatinerkirche in Munich. But the defense of Orléans became for the French a symbol of their struggle against the enemy. In 1742 he was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire as Charles VII and ruled until his death three years later. 14 déc. Born in Paris, Charles was the eldest surviving son of Charles VI of France and Isabeau de Bavière. Charles and his wife, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria, were parents of seven children: Charles Albert and his mistress Sophie Caroline von Ingelheim had a son: Charles VII, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Bohemia, Duke in the Upper and Lower Bavaria as well as the Upper Palatinate, Count-Palatine of the Rhine, Archduke of Austria, Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, Landgrave of Leuchtenberg, etc. Before ascending the throne he was known as the Dauphin and was regent for his father, Charles VI, from 1418. Discouraged, he thought of retiring to Spain or of ceding to English pressure. His tutor was Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein. He worked regularly with his counsellors. In May 1413 rioting Parisians invaded the Hôtel Saint-Paul, where he lived. The administration of the realm was reorganized, and in 1438 Charles promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, limiting papal authority over the church in France. After the allied French had to retreat after defeats to the Rhine, he lost Bavaria again. In 1743 his troops and their allies took Bavaria and Charles VII was able to return to Munich in April for some time. He did require constant encouragement from courageous and intelligent counsellors, such as Yolande of Aragon, Richemont, Joan of Arc, and his mistress Agnès Sorel, and he certainly had no taste for dangerous adventures, prestigious operations, or sumptuous exhibitions. ... 1738-1759: Charles vu Bourbon (Charles V. vu Sizilien a Charles VII. From 1422 to 1428 English armies moved toward Bourges through Maine and … As son-in-law of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles rejected the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and claimed the German territories of the Habsburg dynasty after the death of emperor Charles VI in 1740. Jahrhundert", Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_VII,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=995806969, German military personnel of the War of the Austrian Succession, 18th-century people of the Holy Roman Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 30. With the Treaty of Füssen Austria recognized the legitimacy of Charles VII's election as Holy Roman Emperor. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-VII-king-of-France, Luminarium Encyclopedia - Biography of Charles VII, Xenophon Group - Biography of Charles VII. The reconquered areas were restive under the yoke of royal administration, and the princes still posed a dangerous threat to the royal power: the revolt of Jean V, comte d’Armagnac, and the treason of Jean II, duc d’Alençon, were severely repressed. After attaining his majority age in August 1715, Charles undertook an educational tour to Italy from 3 December 1715 until 24 August 1716. Joan of Arc, the visionary peasant girl from Lorraine, travelled across the country to fortify the King’s intentions to fight for France. He was unanimously elected "King of the Romans" on 24 January 1742 and became Holy Roman Emperor upon his coronation on 12 February 1742. Charles VII (7 April 1697 – 20 January 1745) was the Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. His heart was separately buried in the Shrine of Our Lady of Altötting. Toward the end of that year, he was betrothed to Mary of Anjou, the nine-year-old daughter of Louis II of Anjou, king of Naples, and his wife, Yolande of Aragon. In 1444, negotiations finally brought a general truce, but no permanent peace was concluded, and hostilities were resumed in 1449; the King’s cousin, Jean d’Orléans, comte de Dunois, was placed in charge of operations. In April of 1422 Charles celebrated his marriage at Bourges. The Grand circle (Schlossrondell), which is flanked by a string of elaborate Baroque mansions was initially planned as a basic blueprint for a new city (Carlstadt), but this was not achieved. [17], Charles VII's reign represented the height of the Bavarian Rococo era. ), king of France from 1422 to 1461, who succeeded—partly with the aid of Joan of Arc—in driving the English from French soil and in solidifying the administration of the monarchy. Richemont was disgraced and replaced by La Trémoille, who sought only his own fortune. Charles campaigned successfully in Normandy and took possession of its capital, Rouen, on Nov. 20, 1450. Although Bavaria had renounced all claims to the throne via this marriage, it did, however provide the legal basis to the inheritance of certain Austrian possessions. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Conjoint: Marie d'Anjou. [11][12][13], Shortly after the coronation most of Charles' territories were overrun by the Austrians, and Bavaria was occupied by the troops of Maria Theresa. Der Blaue Kurfürst 1679–1726. Charles VII resided in Nymphenburg and the palace became the favorite summer residence of the future lords of Bavaria. The reign of Charles VII was significant in the history of France. Crises caused by his father’s insanity were frequent. These people set up an administration in Poitiers and Bourges the jurisdiction of which extended over all of France south of the Loire River, except for the English part of Guyenne.